How does it work?
Our main sources of energy for cardiomyocytes are proteins, fats and carbohydrates (macronutrients), which come from food and are needed by humans in large volumes.
Trace elements (vitamins, minerals and essential amino acids) are required in much smaller quantities, but without them, the conversion of macronutrients into ATP will not occur. A healthy person with a balanced diet receives enough trace elements from food. But with heart diseases, absorption in the intestine is disrupted, and the necessary substances do not enter the blood, respectively, do not reach the cells. In addition, many cardiological medications increase the excretion of trace elements through the kidneys. This occurs as a result of the use of diuretics to combat edema.
The Dutch professor believes that modern science has accumulated enough evidence: complexes of trace elements, in combination with medicines, increase the effectiveness of treatment of heart failure. In order to assess the effect of the use of micronutrients on the quality of life and health of patients, “carefully planned clinical trials” are needed.
Existing methods of treatment of heart failure are unable to mitigate the burden of the disease – new treatment and prevention strategies are needed, the authors of the study believe.
In about half of patients with chronic heart failure, doctors find low levels of a number of trace elements in blood plasma, including vitamin D, selenium, zinc and iron. Their absence aggravates the disease, worsens the symptoms and leads to premature death.